وَالثَّالِثُ: نَحْوُ “رَغْبَةً” مِنْ “حَفِظَ مُحَمَّدٌ الْكِتَابَ رَغْبَةً فِي التَّقَدُّمِ”، وَيُسَمَّى “مَفْعُوْلاً لِأَجْلِهِ”
The third (category of الْمَنْصُوْب ) is like “رَغْبَةً” in “حَفِظَ مُحَمَّدٌ الْكِتَابَ رَغْبَةً فِي التَّقَدُّمِ” (Muhammad memorised the book out of a desire to advance and progress) and is called “مَفْعُوْل لِأَجْلِهِ” (Object of Reason).
Every فِعْل has to have a reason (or motive) on account of which that action is performed. Thus, when we say: “وَقَفَ الْجُنْدُ” (The soldiers stood), the listener understands that the soldiers stood but he does not know the reason for (or the motive behind) their standing. Should the intention be to inform him about the reason or motive as well, we say: “وَقَفَ الْجُنْدُ إِجْلاَلاً لِلْأَمِيْرِ” (The soldiers stood out of reverence for the Commander), for example. The word “إِجْلاَلاً” in this example is called “مَفْعُوْل لِأَجْلِهِ” (Object of Reason), and it is مَنْصُوْب . Similar to it (i.e. “إِجْلاَلاً” ) are:
- “رَغْبَةً” in “حَفِظَ مُحَمَّدٌ الْكِتَابَ رَغْبَةً فِي التَّقَدُّمِ” (Muhammad memorised the book out of a desire to advance and progress),
- “طَلَباً” in “حَجَّ النَّاسُ طَلَباً لِمَرْضَاةِ اللهِ” (The people perform the pilgrimage seeking to please Allah),
- “إِكْرَاماً” in “زُيِّنَتِ الْمَدِيْنَةُ إِكْرَاماً لِلْقَادِمِ” (The city was beautified in honour of the newcomer or visitor),
- as well as whatever resembles these examples as regards every اسْم that is mentioned in the sentence to clarify the reason or cause for the occurrence of the action.